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In vivo Studies of the Non-transcribed Spacer Region of rDNA in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Maria Vogelauer, Francesco Cioci, Licia Bordi and Giorgio Camilloni*


Dipartimento di Genetica e Biologia Molecolare, Università di Roma »La Sapienza«, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy

Article history:

Received October 18, 2000
Accepted November 29, 2000

Key words:

chromatin, DNA topoisomerase I, silencing, aging

Summary:

The rDNA is the genetic locus that encodes the ribosomal RNAs and physically defines where ribosomes start to assemble. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, its highly repetitive structure makes it a very interesting target for studies about genome stability, chromatin mediated transcriptional silencing and progression of aging. In fact, recombination among the repeated units is suppressed in a WT cell. Moreover, when genes transcribed by RNA polymerase II are inserted in the rDNA cluster, their transcription is silenced. Finally, the formation of rDNA minicircles has been shown to be one of the causes of aging in yeast. DNA topoisomerase I has been shown to suppress recombination specifically at the rDNA of S. cerevisiae. Moreover, also the chromatin structure of this locus is affected in a top1 strain, because rDNA specific transcriptional silencing is abolished. Nonetheless, the molecular basis of how this enzyme interferes with these functions is yet unknown. Here are reported results obtained by in vivo studies of DNA-protein interactions occurring on the rDNA locus. The analyses include mapping of: nucleosome positioning; RNA polymerase I transcription factors and DNA topoisomerase I cleavage sites. Important conclusions can be drawn: nucleosome postitioning in the Non-transcribed Spacer (NTS) is not affected by RNA polymerase I transcription; the RNA polymerase I transcription factors bind DNA in vivo with a defined hierarchy, the DNA topoisomerase I cleaves the NTS in very specific sites, but cleavage is not induced by RNA polymerase I transcription. These in vivo studies help to characterize, the molecular basis of important phenomena as the transcriptional silencing and genome stability in yeast.



*Corresponding author:           giorgio.camilloni@uniroma1.it
                                               ++390 649 912 808
                                               ++390 649 912 500

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