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Antioxidative Activity of Tobacco Leaf Protein Hydrolysates

Guohua Rao, Mouming Zhao*, Weifeng Lin and Haiyan Wang


College of Light Industry and Food, South China University of Technology (SCUT), Guangzhou 510640, PR China

Article history:

Received September 10, 2005
Accepted March 13, 2006

Key words:

discarded tobacco leaf protein, enzymatic hydrolysate, ultrafiltration membrane, antioxidative activity, amino acid composition

Summary:

Discarded tobacco leaf protein hydrolysate (DTLPH) was prepared by enzymatic hydrolysis using papain and then separated using ultrafiltration (UF) membranes with molecular mass cut-off (MMCO) of 10, 5, 3 and 1 kDa. Four permeate fractions including 10-K, 5-K, 3-K and 1-K (the permeate fractions from 10, 5, 3 and 1 kDa) hydrolysate fractions were obtained. The 5-K hydrolysate fraction had high oxidation inhibilitory ratio (42.62 %), which was about twofold higher than the original hydrolysate and as high as that of vitamin E (α-tocopherol). The fractionated hydrolysates were superior to the original hydrolysate in the antioxidative activity tested. Moreover, these separated hydrolysates showed the enhanced functional property. The amino acid composition of 5-K hydrolysate was analyzed and the results show that the high antioxidative activity of 5-K hydrolysate was derived from high content of histidine, methionine, cystine and tryptophan.

 


*Corresponding author:     femmzhao@scut.edu.cn
                                                     ++86 20 87 11 39 14
                                                     ++86 20 87 11 39 14


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