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Evaluation of Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Capacity of Fruits and Vegetables Using a Modified Enzymatic Extraction

 

Rudy Álvarez1, Héctor Araya1, Rosa Navarro-Lisboa2* and Carol Lopez de Dicastillo3
 

1University of Chile and the School of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nutrition, El Líbano 5524 Macul, 7830490 Santiago, Chile
2University of Santiago of Chile, Faculty of Technology, Department of Science and Food Technology, Obispo Umaña 050, Estación Central, 9170200 Santiago, Chile
3University of Santiago of Chile, Faculty of Technology, Department of Science and Food Technology, Center for the Development of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (CEDENNA), Food Packaging Laboratory (LABEN-CHILE), Estación Central, 9170200 Santiago, Chile





Article history:
Received    October 27, 2015
Accepted   May 12, 2016


Key words:
antioxidant capacity, enzymatic extraction, fruits and vegetables, methanolic extraction, polyphenols


Summary:
Fruits and vegetables are considered a good source of polyphenols and antioxidant capacities which are beneficial in protecting the human body against damage induced by reactive species. The objective of this work is to conduct an assessment of the polyphenol content and antioxidant activities of different fruit (kiwi, pear, green apple, raspberry, blackberry, strawberry and blueberry) and vegetable (pumpkin, green and red pepper) extracts using both chemical extraction and a modified in vitro digestive enzymatic extraction in order to compare results. Polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity of different fruits, vegetables and fruit juices were determined by Folin-Ciocalteu and FRAP methods, respectively. It was observed that polyphenol content expressed as gallic acid equivalents of extracts obtained with the two extraction methods was significantly (p<0.05) different (on average 310.3 and 231.8 mg per 100 g of fresh sample in enzymatic and methanolic extracts, respectively). Antioxidant capacity was also significantly (p<0.05) different in the extracts obtained by the two methods, with higher values in enzymatic extracts (1.91 mmol of Fe2+ per 100 g of fresh sample). Analyses of apple samples with and without skin also revealed important differences related to methodology and composition. Additionally, the original enzymatic extraction method was improved to avoid interferences caused by the presence of protein residues in the extract.


 


*Corresponding author:  email3   This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


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