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Aspen Plus Simulation Strategies Applied to the Study of Chitin Bioextraction from Shrimp Waste  

David Gómez-Ríos1*orcid tiny, Grace Navarro1orcid tiny, Paola Monsalve1orcid tiny, Rolando Barrera-Zapata2orcid tiny and Rigoberto Ríos-Estepa2orcid tiny 

1Group of Bioprocesses, Chemical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, University of Antioquia (UdeA), Calle 70 No. 52-21, Medellín 050010, Colombia 
2Group CERES, Chemical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, University of Antioquia (UdeA), Calle 70 No. 52-21, Medellín 050010, Colombia  

Article history:  
Received: 22 August 2018 
Accepted: 2 May 2019

Key words:  
Aspen Plus, chitin, bioextraction, bioprocess simulation, lactic acid bacteria  

Chitin is an aminopolysaccharide of industrial interest commonly obtained from shrimp processing waste through chemical or biotechnological means. Current environmental concerns offer a stimulating perspective for chitin bioextraction with lactic acid bacteria since a considerable reduction in the use of corrosive and pollutant products is possible. Nevertheless, the efficiency of this bioprocess is still a matter of discussion. In this work, the experimental studies of chitin bioextraction from Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) waste with a mixed culture of Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus are used in process simulation using Aspen Plus software for the analysis of the potential application of a bioprocess on plant scale. The experimental results of characterization in shake flasks and 1-litre bioreactor indicated that 50 h of fermentation with the mixed culture of lactic acid bacteria was enough to extract more than 90 % of minerals and proteins from the shrimp waste. The use of experimental parameters in the simulation allowed a reliable representation of the bioprocess yielding normalized root mean square values below 10 %. Simulation was used for the assessment of the impact of the raw material variability on the production costs and gross margin. In this regard, the gross margin of the operation ranged from 42 to 52 % depending on the raw material composition and product yield.   

*Corresponding author:  tel3  +573188348832


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