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doi: 10.17113/ftb. 

Adhesion of Candida spp. and Pichia spp. to Wooden Surfaces


Ružica Tomičić1, Zorica Tomičić2 and Peter Raspor3*

1Faculty of Technology, University of Novi Sad, Bulevar cara Lazara 1, RS-21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
2Institute of Food Technology, University of Novi Sad, Bulevar cara Lazara 1, RS-21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
3Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia


Article history:
Received  November 5, 2015
Accepted  November 23, 2016

Key words:
adhesion, yeast, Candida spp., Pichia spp., wood surfaces


Yeast adhesion to and biofilm formation on surfaces is present in many different environments. In food industry, biofilms may be a source of contaminations, causing food spoilage and reducing quality of products. Candida and Pichia are two common yeast genera involved in the spoilage of some food products. The aim of this study is to assess the potential of Candida and Pichia species to adhere to two types of wooden surfaces (smooth and rough), one of the materials typical for the food processing industry, and investigate the influence of surface roughness of wood on the degree of yeast adhesion. The adhesion of the cells to the wooden surfaces was determined by rinsing them from the surface, followed by methylene blue staining, and quantification after imaging under microscope by automatic counting of viable cells. The results showed that all Candida and Pichia strains were able to adhere to the wooden surfaces in a species- and strain-dependent manner. On the other hand, our data indicated that adhesion by these yeasts was not significantly affected by the roughness of the wood surfaces.

*Corresponding author:  email3


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