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Lipase-Catalyzed Interesterification for the Synthesis of Medium-Long-Medium (MLM) Structured Lipids – A Review


Qabul Dinanta Utama1orcid tiny, Azis Boing Sitanggang1,2orcid tiny, Dede Robiatul Adawiyah1,2orcid tiny and Purwiyatno Hariyadi1,2*orcid tiny


1Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, IPB University (Bogor Agricultural University), Darmaga,
 16680 Bogor, Indonesia
2Southeast Asian Food and Agricultural Science and Technology (SEAFAST) Center, IPB University (Bogor Agricultural University), Darmaga, 16680
 Bogor, Indonesia




Article history:
R
eceived: 6 September 2018
Accepted: 7 August 2019
cc




Key words
:
glycerides, interesterification, lipase, medium-long-medium structured lipids




Summary:
Medium-long-medium (MLM) structured lipids typically contain medium-chain fatty acids (C6-C12) at sn-1,3 and long-chain fatty acids (C14-C24) at sn-2 positions. They have reduced calories and are suitable for the control of obesity, lipid malabsorption and other metabolic disorders. This review focuses on the synthesis of MLM lipids by the enzymatic interesterification. It gives detailed description of biocatalysts, substrates, reactors and synthesis methods, and discusses the use of MLM lipids in food products. The information provided in this review can be considered as the current state-of-the art for developing a future strategy for the synthesis of MLM structured lipids.






*Corresponding author:  tel3  +622518629903
                                           fax2  +622518629903
                                            email3  phariyadi@apps.ipb.ac.id

 

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