Potential Value of Hepatic Lipids from White Sea Bream (Diplodus sargus L.) as a Good Source of Biomedical Components: Seasonal Variations 

Lara Batičić1, Neven Varljen2, Marta Žuvić Butorac3, Miljenko Kapović4 and Jadranka Varljen1*

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Medicine, University of Rijeka, HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia

2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, Thalassotherapia Opatija, University of Rijeka, HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia
3IT Academy, Faculty of Engineering, University of Rijeka, HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia
4Department of Biology and Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, University of Rijeka, HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia

Article history:

Received September 29, 2008
Accepted April 27, 2009

Key words:

Adriatic Sea, Diplodus sargus, fatty acid composition, fish lipids, seasonal variation


The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential value of hepatic lipids of the white sea bream, Diplodus sargus, as a source of important biomedical components. Fatty acid compositions of hepatic neutral (triacylglycerols) and polar (phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylcholine, or phosphatidylethanolamine) lipid fractions were determined. In order to verify the influence of a season on the fatty acid compositions of liver lipid fractions, fish were captured and analyzed in winter, spring, summer and autumn. Eighteen different fatty acids were identified in the analyzed lipid fractions. The major constituents of total fatty acids were saturates: palmitic (16:0) and stearic acid (18:0), monounsaturated fatty acids: oleic (18:1 n-9) and palmitoleic acid (16:1 n-7), while arachidonic acid (20:4 n-6), eicosapentaenoic (20:5 n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n-3) were the major constituents among polyunsaturated fatty acids. Their amounts and ratios differed significantly among seasons in different lipid fractions. Total unsaturated fatty acids in all analyzed lipid fractions were the highest in the winter period. Saturated fatty acids were the highest in the spring period in all lipid fractions. Eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid achieved the highest values in triacylglycerols in the winter period. Unsaturation indices and n-3/n-6 values were also influenced by the season. This study revealed a seasonality pattern of D. sargus hepatic fatty acid composition.

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