Antifungal Activity of Propolis in Four Different Fruit Juices

Ayse Nedret Koc1, Sibel Silici2*, Fatma Mutlu-Sariguzel1 and Osman Sagdic3

Erciyes University, Medical Faculty, Department of Microbiology, Talas, TR-38039 Kayseri, Turkey

2Erciyes University, Safiye Cikrikcioglu Vocational College, Department of Animal Science, Talas, TR-38039 Kayseri, Turkey
3Erciyes University, Engineering Faculty, Department of Food Engineering, Talas, TR-38039 Kayseri, Turkey

Article history:

Received July 12, 2005
Accepted March 1, 2006

Key words:

propolis, antifungal activity, fruit juice, yeast isolation


Fruit juices and soft drinks are targets for spoilage yeasts, moulds and bacteria. The aim of this study is to examine the antifungal effect of ethanolic extract of Turkish propolis (EETP) treatments in four nonpasteurized fruit juices including apple, orange, white grape and mandarin against 6 different yeasts isolated from the corresponding spoiled juices. These isolated yeasts include: Candida famata, C. glabrata, C. kefyr, C. pelliculosa, C. parapsilosis and Pichia ohmeri. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) ranges were determined responding to the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) M27-A that were slightly modified with broth microdilution method. In this study, the presence of propolis in apple (pH=3.9), orange (pH=3.7), white grape (pH=3.8) and mandarin (pH=3.4) juices ranging from 0.01 to 0.375 mg/mL inhibited the growth of all spoilage yeasts at 25 °C. MIC ranges of propolis were 0.02–0.375, 0.04–0.375, 0.01–0.185, 0.02–0.185 and 0.04–0.375 mg/mL in mandarin, apple, orange, white grape juices and RPMI medium, respectively. MIC ranges of Na benzoate, which was used as positive control, were 80–320, 80–320, 40–640, 40–80 and 320–1280 μg/mL in mandarin, apple, orange, white grape and RPMI medium as blank control, respectively. In terms of MIC ranges, propolis showed greater antifungal activity than Na benzoate. As a result, propolis had significant antimicrobial activity against the yeast isolates from spoiled fruit juices. It was concluded that propolis is worthy to study further as a natural preservative for foods prone to fungal spoilage.

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